Curriculum Intent

"There are two gifts we should give our children. One is roots, and the other is wings."
Reverend Henry Ward Beecher

We believe in a broad and balanced curriculum that enables all our children to develop into well rounded individuals and life-long learners. Through our curriculum we are providing the early building blocks that will enable our children to become successful adults in terms of being able to gain employment, live healthy lifestyles, be spiritually aware, be moral citizens, and have the confidence to take opportunities to extend their horizons.

As a church school our curriculum is built upon a strong Christian foundation, with our core values of hope, perseverance, respect, friendship, forgiveness and thankfulness at the heart of all we do.

Learning is only sustainable if supported by a love of reading. Our curriculum is based upon a structured, tried and tested approach to early reading, alongside a range of literature that enables the children to experience the best of picture books, modern stories and classic texts. In the early years and KS1, we follow the Read Write Inc Phonics Scheme. This is a systematic approach to teaching phonics coupled with reading material which uses the phonetic knowledge the children have acquired but doesn't take them beyond it, therefore building their confidence in reading independently. As children progress through the school, we encourage them to develop a full range of comprehension skills and to transfer the knowledge that they have gained through reading to write cohesively with high quality vocabulary.

In the early years, children are taught to use their phonics knowledge to write single sounds with the correct letter formation. They then begin to put sounds together to build and write whole words. They are taught to make spelling decisions based on their phonics knowledge. When they are ready, they are encouraged to write complete sentences which are orally rehearsed and refined. A wide range of stimuli is used to inspire quality writing, including experiences, photographs, pictures and stories. We build on this foundation as children move through the school using the EEF researched seven-step planning tool to ensure children learn new skills, whist developing the ability to edit and revise their work. Good presentation is encouraged through a whole school approach to handwriting using the cursive style.

To ensure a mastery approach our curriculum is carefully mapped out across all phases, providing continuity, supporting transition and revisiting / building on key concepts. Our mathematics curriculum, in particular, is planned in small carefully sequenced steps using the Do it, Twist It, Solve it approach. This enables our children to have foundation for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics, and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject. Our curriculum map allows our children to apply their mathematical knowledge across other subjects.

We strive to ensure that teaching in all subjects is consistently effective, enabling pupils to make good progress to be well prepared for each new year group within the school and when transferring to secondary education. Teaching accounts for the full range of needs of our pupils. More able pupils explore the curriculum at greater depth enabling them to achieve the highest level of attainment. SEND pupils needs are met on an individual basis, taking into account individual routes to learning so that they can make good progress from their individual starting points and achieve their full potential. We celebrate the diversity offered by children with EAL and recognise that having two or more spoken languages bestows long term cognitive advantages. We build on a pupil's prior knowledge, including their previous learning in another language, whilst providing models of good spoken language and scaffolding grammatical structures. Our curriculum is based around a culture capital that is rich in experiences and vocabulary, giving disadvantaged pupils equal access and enriching the lives of all our children regardless of their background.

Our curriculum is built upon a Growth Mindset, as advocated by Carol Dweck. This is founded on a belief that abilities can be developed; effort is something that propels learning; and setbacks are opportunities to build new skills. This enables resilience to be built into learning, giving children the confidence to be challenged as well as to challenge others.

We believe that a child's innate curiosity, characterised by the joy of discovery and the desire for exploration, should be nurtured and encouraged. It is only through curiosity that children become engaged learners. Recent research has identified that "promoting curiosity in children, especially those from environments of economic disadvantage, may be an important, under recognised way to address the achievement gap." (Sash 2018). We have therefore introduced an enquiry based curriculum themed around questions that promote curiosity and a passion for learning. Put simply, a 'Curiosity Curriculum'.

We have placed a rich vocabulary at the core of our curriculum recognising that "Vocabulary is a strong indicator of student success" (Baker, Simmons, & Kame'enui, 1997). This builds on an understanding that a child's vocabulary size is a convenient proxy for a whole range of educational abilities - not just reading, writing, listening, and speaking - but also general knowledge of science history and the arts. In placing vocabulary at the heart of our curriculum, we aim to ensure all of our children, regardless of background or life experiences, will have the same life chances. Core vocabulary is embedded in our curriculum plan with regular planned opportunities to revisit and build on the children's understanding of key words and concepts.

Our curriculum has been designed to celebrate the unique resources offered in our village of Newnham-on- Severn and the surrounding area of the Forest of Dean; whilst also being outward looking and preparing our children for life in the wider, culturally diverse world. We enrich our curriculum with trips, visits and visitors. These are carefully planned to engage pupils' curiosity and enhance experiences of people and places in a local and broader context.

In designing the structure of our curriculum, we have used a two year rolling cycle to accommodate mixed year groups. This has been specifically designed to strengthen links between themes and key learning points during the academic year, across subjects and between year groups. For example:

    As our school is situated on the River Severn, the river is an important driver in our curriculum provision. Therefore, in the Autumn term, Years 3/4 (Year B) would study the River Severn. In the Spring term, the children would visit Ironbridge, which is also located on the River Severn, in order to see the impact of the building of the bridge in developing the area. This would be contrasted with the ferry crossing at Newnham, which is no longer in existence. In the Summer term, the children would study Ancient Egypt and apply their knowledge of rivers to the River Nile. Prior to the children joining Years 3/4, there are planned opportunities in Key Stage One for the children to visit the stream at Wenchford, the stream behind the school and the seaside. In Years 5/6 there is an additional opportunity to revisit rivers when the children travel to London, built on the River Thames.
    Core vocabulary introduced in Years 3/4, in relation to rivers, includes "meander" and "source". As the children progress through the school they will be able to revisit these words and also explore their wider meanings through, for example, the use of the word source as evidence in history.

Our curriculum is based on a spiral model where learning is regularly revisited and built upon in order to aid working memory. This is reinforced with the use of Knowledge Organisers and whole class Big Books which move with the children as they travel through the school, allowing them to look back on prior learning and experiences.

Alongside our structured curriculum, we recognise the value of the hidden curriculum of play. This is a fundamental aspect of the characteristics of effective learning that underpin our pre-school and Early Years provision that cannot be lost if we are to enable our children to become successful life-long learners. Play can be defined as a process that is "freely chosen, personally directed and intrinsically motivated" (Playwork Principles Scrutiny Group, Cardiff 2005). Furthermore, outdoor play has been proven to support better mental health; improved physical activity; greater creativity; improved resilience; better social and emotional skills; and more focused learning when children go back to the classroom (Muddy Hands Report 2018). We are committed to providing high quality playtimes and making the most of our rural location, including our playing field, Spiritual Garden and Forest Area, to promote playful learning. As a result, we are working towards a formal recognition as a Play Friendly School.

We believe our curriculum should also teach children to interact with other people, be aware of social issues and inequities and have the confidence to challenge injustices. We want to show our children that little but effective efforts can have a genuine influence on the world around them. They are never too young to start making a difference in the community. As a school we strive to find meaningful ways for pupils to contribute to community initiatives. These may include planting trees, litter picking, collecting for local Food Banks, taking part in community events, donating books, toys and clothes, and raising funds for charities.

Subject Intent Statements


A link to the National Curriculum: gov.uk/government/collections/national-curriculum

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